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Jumat, 07 Juni 2013

Error Analysis

Repair grammar and punctuation errors in the sentences

Exercise 1

1. The little girl spoke so quiet that I could hardly hear her.
             A                           B                   C                       D
The little girl spoke so quiet that I could hardly hear her. (adjective – adverb form)
. . . so quietly that . . .

2. Each driver should check the oil level in their car every three months.
                           A          B                               C            D
Each driver should check the oil level in their car every three months. (pronoun-antecedent agreement) 
S= dianggap tunggal
. . . in his or her car . . .

3. I hated to ask Anita, whom is a very stingy person to lend me money.
           A                             B                      C                      D
I hated to ask Anita who is a very stingy person to lend me money. (commas nonessential interrupter)                                          kikir
. . . Anita , who is a very stingy person , to . . .

4. She decided to quit her high-pressured job, she didn’t want to develop heart trouble.
                 A                                                     B                   C                             D     
 She decided to quit her high-pressured job, she didn’t want to develop heart trouble
.(comma splice) sambungan
. . . job ; she . . . / . . . job , for she. . . / . . . job . She . . .
                                        
5. The flakes in this cereal tastes like sawdust.
             A       B                      C     D
The flakes in this cereal tastes like sawdust. Serbuk gergaji (subject-verb agreement)
. . . flakes (in this cereal) taste.. .  S=jamak

6. Much of my boyhood was devoted to getting into rock fights, crossing railway trestles, and the hunt
                        A                         B                         C                                                                           D
for rats in drainage tunnels.
Much of my boyhood was devoted to getting into rock fights, crossing railway trestles, and the hunt for rats                                      
                                      mencurahkan                                             
in drainage tunnels.(parallelism) . . . and hunting for . . .

7. When Turning on the ignition, the car backfired.
                      A     B              C                       D      
When Turning on the ignition, the car backfired. (dangling modifier) 
                            Pembakaran
When I turned on the ignition, the car backfired.
Turning on the ignition, I made the car backfire.

8. I asked the clerk if the store had Stevie Wonders latest CD.
           A                  B                 C                   D
I asked the clerk if the store had Stevie Wonders latest CD. (apostrophe)
                                                               Wonder’s

9. The decisions of the judge seems questionable.
                            A          B        C             D
The decisions of the judge seems questionable. (subject-verb agreement)  S = jamak
. . . decisions (of the judge) seem . . .

10. Earlier in the day, she took a taxi to the airport. Knowing that her time was limited.
           A                               B                                 C                                       D
Earlier in the day, she took a taxi to the airport. Knowing that her time was limited. (fragment)
Earlier in the day, she took a taxi to the airport, knowing . . .

11. Anybody who wants more dessert should give their order to the pastry chef.
                         A                B                                      C      D
Anybody who wants more dessert should give their order to the pastry chef. (pro.-antecedent agreement) 
S= dianggap tunggal
. . . give his or her order . . .

12. You must observe all the rules of the game, even if you do not always agree with it.
              A            B                                                  C                                                     D
You must observe all the rules of the game, even if you do not always agree with it. (pronoun reference)
. . . with them. Them refers to : Rules of the game

13. Playing tag on the back lawn, I spotted first the turtle
            A            B                                 C       D
Playing tag on the back lawn, I spotted first the turtle. (misplaced modifier)
Playing tag on the back lawn, I first . . .

14. Because he never fully realized how important a college education could be.
            A              B                  C                                                   D
Because he never fully realized how important a college education could be.(fragment)
He never fully realized . . .
Because . . . . could be, he enlisted in the army.

15. Her and I have been good friends now for many years.
                A           B                     C              D
Her and I have been good friends now for many years. (pronoun case)
She and I . . .

16. Lola looks  more better than Gina in a leather coat.
                  A         B                C                      D
Lola looks more better than Gina in a leather coat. (comparative adjective)
. . . looks better than . . .

17. When he asked for a raise. his boss fired him
           A             B                  C                      D
When he asked for a raise. his boss fired him. (comma needed – introductory clause)
. . . raise, his . . .

18. Ruth begins each day with warm-up exercises, a long run, and taking a hot shower.
                    A           B                                    C                                             D
Ruth begins each day with warm-up exercises, a long run, and taking a hot shower. (parallelism)
. . . and a hot shower.

19. When I only three years old, my father taught me to play baseball.
                     A                B                               C                D
When only three years old, my father taught me to play baseball. (dangling modifier)
When I was only three . . .

20. Trying to get outside quickly, the poor dog caught it’s tail in the door.
A                                B                               C       D
Trying to get outside quickly, the poor dog caught it’s tail in the door. (apostrophe)
. . . its. .nya benda/binatang

21. I bought a beautiful blouse in a local store with long sleeves and striped cuffs.
A                                              B                                 C                   D
I bought a beautiful blouse in a local store with long sleeves and striped cuffs. Kancing (misplaced modifier)
In a local store, I bought a beautiful blouse with long sleeves and . . .

22. No one in the class is better at computer programming than his.
A                                  B                              C                   D
No one in the class is better at computer programming than his. (pronoun case)
. . . than he.

23. Luckily someone offered me a ride to class, Otherwise, I would have been late.
              A          B                                    C                                D
Luckily someone offered me a ride to class, Otherwise, I would have been late.(comma splice)
. . .class; otherwise, . . . / . . . class. Otherwise, . .

24. He started taking pictures in college, which led to commercial photography after he graduated.
     A                                                    B                       C                                                D
He started taking pictures in college, which led to commercial photography after he graduated.
(pronoun reference)
. . . in college. This hobby led . . .

Exercise 2.

1. The weather was quite warm, so we walked lazily along the shady path near an old cemetery in the countryside.


The = determiner
weather = noun
was = verb
quite = qualifier
warm = adjective
so = conjunction
we = pronoun
walked = verb
lazily = adverb
along = preposition
the = determiner
shady = adjective
path = noun
near = preposition
an = determiner
old = adjective
cemetery = noun kuburan
in = preposition
the = determiner
countryside = noun  



2. While Josephine was nonchalantly eating her huge sandwich, we numbly watched a sly cat as it climbed almost imperceptibly onto the ledge by the sofa and rather greedily eyed a poor little mouse under the chair.


While = conjunction
Josephine = noun
was eating = verb
nonchalantly = adverb dgn acuh takacuh
her = pronoun (or determiner)
huge = adjective
sandwich = noun
we = pronoun
numbly = adverb secara mati rasa
watched = verb
a = determiner
sly = adjective  lihai/licik
cat = noun
as = conjunction
it = pronoun
climbed =
almost = qualifier
imperceptibly = adverb : tak terlihat
onto = preposition  ke
the = determiner  
ledge = noun: birahi
by = preposition
the = determiner:
sofa = noun
and = conjunction
rather = qualifier
greedily = adverb
eyed = verb
a = determiner
poor = adjective
little = adjective
mouse = noun
under = preposition
the = determiner
chair = noun




Sumber : http://grammar-english.blogspot.com/